Word List 1

unidimensional [?ju?n?da??men??nl] adj. 一维的(one-dimensional)

记 词根记忆:uni(单一)+dimensional(空间的)→一维的

agility [????l?ti] n. 敏捷(the quality or state of being agile)

记 来自agile(adj. 灵活的,敏捷的)

retentive [r??tent?v] adj. 有记性的,记忆力强的(capable of keeping the memory of)

flabby [?fl?bi] adj. (肌肉等)不结实的,松弛的(limp and soft; flaccid);

意志薄弱的(lacking force; weak)

参 flaggy(adj. 枯萎的),floppy(adj. 松软的)

overwhelm [?o?v?r?welm] v. 战胜,征服,压倒(to overcome by superior force

or numbers; crush; overpower);淹没,席卷(to surge over and submerge; engulf)

记 组合词:over(在…上)+whelm(淹没)→压倒;淹没

infamous [??nf?m?s] adj. 臭名昭著的(having a reputation of the worst kind)

同 notorious

fickleness [?f?kln?s] n. 浮躁;变化无常

同 inconstancy

unscrupulous [?n?skru?pj?l?s] adj. 肆无忌惮的(unprincipled)

记 联想记忆:un(不)+scrupulous(小心的)→肆无忌惮的

例 The value of Davis' sociological research is compromised by his unscrupulous

tendency to use materials selectively in order to substantiate his own claims, while

disregarding information that points to other possible conclusions.

adopt [??dɑ?pt] v. 采纳,采用(to take up and practice or use);正式接受,

通过(to accept formally and put into effect)

记 词根记忆:ad+opt(选择)→通过选择→采纳,采用

chancy [???nsi] adj. 不确定的,不安的(uncertain in outcome

or prospect, occurring by chance)

alienation [?e?li??ne??n] n. 疏远,离间(a withdrawing or

separation of a person)

搭 alienation from 与…疏远

prestigious [pre?st???s]

adj. 有名望的,有威望的(having prestige; honored)

记 来自prestige(声望,威望);pre(预先)+stig(捆绑)+e→事先把人捆住→声望,威望例 Many of the early Hollywood moguls sought to aggrandize themselves and enhance their

celluloid empires by snaring prestigious writers and intellectuals as screenwriters.

同 distinguished, eminent, notable, prominent, renowned

contrition [k?n?tr??n] n. 悔罪,痛悔(remorse for having done wrong)

记 来自contrite(adj. 痛悔的)

deplore [d??pl??r] v. 悲悼,哀叹(to express or feel grief for);谴责(to condemn)

记 词根记忆:de(向下)+plor(喊)+e→哀叹

同 bemoan, bewail, grieve, lament, moan

repetitive [r??pet?t?v] adj. 重复的(repetitious);反复性的(containing repetition)

记 词根记忆:re(再次)+pet(寻找)+itive→再次寻找→重复的

congenital [k?n??en?tl] adj. 先天的,天生的(existing as such at birth; innate)

记 词根记忆:con+gen(产生)+ital→与生俱来的→天生的

accredit [??kred?t] v. 授权(to give official authorization to or approval of)

搭 accredit sb. to 委任、委派

Spartan [?spɑ?rtn] adj. 简朴的(of simplicity or frugality);刻苦的(strict self-discipline or self-denial) 记 来自Sparta(斯巴达),希腊城邦,该地区的人以简朴刻苦著称

nonthreatening [nɑ?n?θretn? ] adj. 不构成威胁的

记 联想记忆:non(不)+threatening(威胁的)→不构成威胁的

irradiate [??re?die?t] v. 照射(to cast rays of light upon);照耀,照亮(to shine; light up)

记 词根记忆:ir(在里面)+ rad(光线)+iate→使在光线里面→照射;照耀

opulent [?ɑ?pj?l?nt] adj. 富裕的(very wealthy);充足的(profuse; luxuriant

记 词根记忆:opul(财富)+ent→富裕的

cardiac [?kɑ?rdi?k] adj. 心脏的(of, relating to, situated near, or acting on the heart)

记 词根记忆:card(心)+iac→心脏的

self-doubt [?self?da?t] n. 自我怀疑(a lack of faith or confidence in oneself)

estimable [?est?m?bl] adj. 值得尊敬的(worthy of great respect);可估计的(capable of being estimated)

记 来自estimate(v. 估计;评价)

platitudinous [?pl?t??tu?d?n?s] adj. 陈腐的(having the characteristics of a platitude)

搭 platitudinous remarks 陈腐的言论

piety [?pa??ti] n. 孝顺,孝敬(fidelity to natural obligations (as to parents));虔诚(religious devotion and reverence to God; devoutness)

例 Their piety was expressed in quotidian behavior: they worshipped regularly, according to all

the regenerative processes of nature respect, and even awe.

excise [?eksa?z] v. 切除,删去(to remove by cutting out or away)

记 词根记忆:ex+cis(切)+e→切出去→切除

solo [?so?lo?] adj. 单独的(without companion) n. 独唱

记 词根记忆:sol(独自)+o→单独的

stiffen [?st?fn]v. 使硬,使僵硬(to make stiff or stiffer)同 congeal, harden, solidify

comic [?kɑ?m?k]

adj. 可笑的;喜剧的(using comedy) n. 喜剧演员(comedian)

搭 an inventive comic actor 一位有创造力的喜剧演员

refractory [r??fr?kt?ri]

adj. 倔强的,难管理的(stubborn; unmanageable);(病)难治的(resistant to treatment or cure)

记 词根记忆:re+fract(断裂)+ory→宁折不弯→倔强的

automotive [???t??mo?t?v]adj. 汽车的,自动的(of, relating to, or concerned with self-propelled vehicles or machines)

ridge [r??]n. 脊(如屋脊、山脊等);隆起物

同 crest

talent [?t?l?nt] n. 天赋(the natural endowments of a person);天才(a special often creative or artistic aptitude)

记 联想记忆:tal(l)(高)+ent(人)→高人→天才

同 aptness, faculty, flair, genius

buckle [?b?kl]n. 皮带扣环 v. 扣紧(to fasten or join with a buckle)

搭 buckle up 扣紧安全带

inhibition [??n(h)??b??n]

n. 阻止;抑制(the act of inhibiting);抑制物(sth. that forbids, debars, or restricts)

例 William James lacked the usual awe of death; writing to his dying father, he spoke without inhibition about the old man's impending death.

dividend [?d?v?dend] n. 红利,股利(bonus)

记 词根记忆:di(分开)+vid(看)+end→往不同方向看→红利

fanatic[f??n?t?k] adj. 狂热的,盲信的(marked by excessive enthusiasm and often intense uncritical devotion) n. 狂热者(a person marked or motivated by an extreme, unreasoning enthusiasm)

记 来自fan(n. 入迷者)

clemency [?klem?nsi] n. 温和(mildness, esp. of weather);仁慈,宽厚(mercy)

记 和cement(水泥)一起记

同 caritas, charity, lenity

ideology [?a?di?ɑ?l??i]n. 思想体系,思想意识(a systematic body of concepts)

记 联想记忆:ide(看作idea,思想)+ology(学科)→思想体系

defamation [?def??me??n] n. 诽谤,中伤(the act of defaming another)

同 aspersion, calumniation, denigration, vilification

disillusion [?d?s??lu??n] v. 使梦想破灭,使醒悟(to cause to lose naive faith and trust)

记 联想记忆:dis(不)+illusion(幻想)→不再有幻想→使梦想破灭,使醒悟

anterior [?n?t?ri?r] adj. 较早的,以前的(previous; earlier)

encumber [?n?k?mb?r] v. 妨碍,阻碍(to impede or hamper)

记 联想记忆:en+cumber(妨碍)→妨碍

conformity [k?n?f??rm?ti]

n. 一致;遵从,顺从(action in accordance with some specified standard or authority)

vitriolic [?v?tri?ɑ?l?k] adj. 刻薄的(virulent of feeling or of speech)

记 词根记忆:vitri(玻璃,引申为“刻薄”)+olic→刻薄的

例 Although a few delegates gave the opposition's suggestions a vitriolic response, most greetedthe statement of a counterposition with civility.

anticlimactic [??ntikla??m?kt?k]adj. 突减的(of, relating to, or marked by anticlimax)

记 词根记忆:anti(相反)+climac(=climax 顶点)+tic→与顶点相反→突减的

respiratory [?resp?r?t??ri] adj. 呼吸的

例 Artificial light enhances the respiratory activity of some microorganisms in the winter but not in the summer, in part because in the summer their respiration is already at its peak and thus cannot be increased.

proclivity [pr??kl?v?ti] n. 倾向(an inclination or predisposition toward sth.)

同 leaning

constrict [k?n?str?kt] v. 约束(to inhibit);收缩(to make sth. tighter, smaller or narrower)

记 词根记忆:con+strict(拉紧)→拉到一起→收缩

connive [k??na?v] v. 默许;纵容(to feign ignorance of another's wrongdoing);共谋(to conspire)

记 词根记忆:con+nive(眨眼睛)→互相眨眼睛→共谋

resume [r??zu?m] v. 重新开始,继续(to begin again after interruption)

记 词根记忆:re+sum(拿起)+e→重新拿起→重新开始

controversial [?kɑ?ntr??v??r?l] adj. 引起或可能引起争论的(causing controversy)

记 词根记忆:contro(相反)+vers(转)+ial→反着转→引起或可能引起争论的

corroboration [k??rɑ?b??re??n] n. 证实,支持(the act of corroborating)

记 来自corroborate(v. 支持;强化)

undecipherable [??nd??sa?fr?bl] adj. 难破译的(not easily deciphered)

haughty [?h??ti]adj. 傲慢的,自大的(blatantly and disdainfully proud)

记 词根记忆:haught(=haut 高的)+y→自视甚高的→傲慢的

rubbery [?r?b?ri] adj. 橡胶似的,有弹性的(resembling rubber (as in elasticity, consistency, or texture))

supplant [s??pl?nt] v. 排挤,取代(to supersede by force or treachery)

记 词根记忆:sup(下面)+plant(种植)→在下面种植→排挤,取代

例 When railroads first began to supplant rivers and canals as highways of commerce, they were

regarded as blessings and their promoters were looked upon as benefactors.

institutionalize [??nst??tu???n?la?z] v. 使制度化(to make into an institution)

派 institutionalization(n. 制度化)

presuppose [?pri?s??po?z] vt. 预先假定(to suppose beforehand);以…为先决条件(to require as an antecedent in logic or fact)

succinct [s?k?s? kt] adj. 简明的,简洁的(marked by compact, precise expression)

记 词根记忆:suc(下面)+cinct(=gird 束起)→原指把下面的衣服束起来方便干活→简洁的

例 You should delete this paragraph in order to make your essay more succinct.

同 concise, compendiary, compendious, curt, laconic

recede [r??si?d] v. 后退,撤回(to move back; withdraw)

记 词根记忆:re(反)+ced(走)+e→走回去→后退

derelict [?der?l?kt]adj. 荒废的(deserted by the owner; abandoned);玩忽职守的(neglectful of duty; remiss);疏忽的(negligent) n. 被遗弃的人(sb. abandoned by family and society)

记 词根记忆:de+re(向后)+lict(=linqu 留下)→完全置后→被遗弃的人

hysteria [h??st?ri?] n. 歇斯底里症(a psychoneurosis marked by emotional excitability);过度兴奋(behavior exhibiting emotional excess)

记 联想记忆:hyster(=hystero,子宫;癔症)+ia→像患了癔症一样→歇斯底里症

例 During the Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Nelson remained imperturbable and in full command

of the situation in spite of the hysteria and panic all around him.

pollinate [?pɑ?l?ne?t] v. 对…授粉(to carry out the transfer of pollen

crater [?kre?t?r] n. 火山口(a bowl-shaped cavity at the mouth of a volcano);弹坑(a pit made by an exploding bomb)

indigenous [?n?d???n?s] adj. 土产的,本地的(native);生来的,固有的(innate)

记 词根记忆:indi(内部)+gen(产生)+ous→产生于内部的→本地的

immature [??m????r] adj. 未充分成长的,未完全发展的(lacking complete growth, differentiation, or development); (行为等)不成熟的(exhibiting less than an expected degree of maturity)

记 联想记忆:im(不)+mature(成熟的)→不成熟的

provoke [pr??vo?k] v. 激怒(to incite to anger);引起(to evoke);驱使(to stir up purposely)

记 词根记忆:pro(在前)+vok(呼喊)+e→在前面呼喊→激怒;引起

例 For many young people during the Roaring Twenties, a disgust with the excesses of American

culture combined with a wanderlust to provoke an exodus abroad.

skinflint [?sk?nfl?nt] n. 吝啬鬼(miser; niggard)

记 参考词组:skin a flint(爱财如命)


[??n?v??rs] adj. 相反的(directly opposite);倒转的(inverted)

记 词根记忆:in(反)+vers(转)+e→反转→相反的;倒转的

scourge [sk??r?] n. 鞭笞(whip);磨难(a cause of great affliction) v. 鞭笞;磨难

记 和courage(n. 勇气)一起记

例 One of the great killers until barely 50 years ago, tuberculosis ("consumption" as it was then

named) seemed a scourge or plague rather than the long-term chronic illness it was.

dutiful [?du?t?fl] adj. 尽职的(filled with a sense of duty)

记 来自duty(n. 责任)

boon [bu?n]n. 恩惠,天赐福利(a timely blessing or benefit)

记 联想记忆:从月亮(moon)得到恩惠(boon)→天赐福利

搭 be a boon to 对…来说大有裨益

mural [?mj?r?l] adj. 墙壁的(of a wall) n. 壁画

记 词根记忆:mur(墙)+al→墙壁的

transcend [tr?n?send] v. 超出,超越,胜过(to rise above or go beyond the limit)

记 词根记忆:trans(超过)+(s)cend(爬)→爬过→超越

punishment [?p?n??m?nt] n. 惩罚,刑罚(suffering, pain, or loss that serves as retribution);

虐待(severe, rough, or disastrous treatment)

例 A sense of fairness dictates that the punishment should fit the crime; yet, in actual practice,

judicial decisions vary greatly for the same type of criminal offense.

unworldly [?n?w??rldli] adj. 非世俗的(not swayed by mundane considerations);


记 联想记忆:un(不)+world(世界,尘世)+ly→非世俗的

例 Without seeming unworldly, William James appeared wholly removed from the

commonplaces of society, the conventionality of academy.

retaliate [r??t?lie?t] v. 报复,反击(to get revenge)

记 词根记忆:re+tali(邪恶)+ate→把邪恶还回去→报复

disgruntled [d?s?ɡr?ntld] adj. 不悦的,不满意的(annoyed or disappointed)

记 联想记忆:dis(不)+gruntle(使高兴)+d→使不高兴的→不悦的

rigid [?r???d] adj. 严格的;僵硬的,刚硬的(stiff; not flexible or pliant)

记 词根记忆:rig(=rog 要求)+id→不断要求→严格的

例 He was regarded by his followers, as something of a martinet, not only because of his

insistence on strict discipline, but also because of his rigid adherence to formal details.

同 incompliant, inflexible, unpliable, unyielding

specialize [?spe??la?z] v. 专门研究(to limit to a particular activity or subject)

记 来自special(adj. 特殊的)

sumptuous [?s?mp?u?s] adj. 豪华的,奢侈的(extremely costly, luxurious, or magnificent)

记 词根记忆:sumpt(拿,取)+uous→(把钱)拿出去→奢侈的

例 The sumptuous costumes of Renaissance Italy, with their gold and silver embroidery and

figured brocades, were the antithesis of Spanish sobriety, with its dark muted colors, plain short capes, and high collars edged with small ruffs.同 deluxe, palatial

deviant [?di?vi?nt] adj. 越出常规的(deviating especially from an accepted norm)

记 词根记忆:de(偏离)+vi(路)+ant→偏离道路→越轨→越出常规的

complacence [k?m?ple?sns] n. 自满(satisfaction with oneself)

mortality [m??r?t?l?ti] n. 死亡率(the rate of deaths)

记 词根记忆:mort(死亡)+ality(表性质)→死亡率

underground [??nd??ɡra?nd] adv. 在地下;秘密地(in or into hiding or secret operation) adj. 地下的;秘密的

例 Just as astrology was for centuries an underground faith, countering the strength of established

churches, so today believing in astrology is an act of defiance against the professional sciences.

同 subterranean, subterrestrial, underearth, underfoot

insight [??nsa?t] n. 洞察力(the power or act of seeing into a situation);洞悉

记 联想记忆:in(进入)+sight(眼光)→眼光深入→洞察力

例 Marison was a scientist of unusual insight and imagination who had startling success in

discerning new and fundamental principles well in advance of their general recognition.

同 discernment, intuition, penetration, perception

towering [?ta??r? ] adj. 高耸的(reaching a high point of intensity);杰出的

记 联想记忆:tower(塔)+ing→像塔一样的→高耸的

sobriety [s??bra??ti] n. 节制(moderation);庄重(gravity)

例 The sumptuous costumes of Renaissance Italy, with their gold and silver embroidery and

figured brocades, were the antithesis of Spanish sobriety, with its dark muted colors, plain short capes, and high collars edged with small ruffs.

accidental[??ks??dentl] adj. 偶然发生的(occurring unexpectedly or by chance)

记 来自accident(n. 事故,意外)

accelerate [?k?sel?re?t] v. 加速(to increase the speed);促进(to develop more quickly)

记 词根记忆:ac(加强)+celer(速度)+ate→加速

abreast [??brest] adv. 并列,并排(side by side)

记 联想记忆:a+breast(胸)→胸和胸并排→并排

搭 abreast of 与…并排

sultry [?s?ltri] adj. 闷热的(very hot and humid; sweltering);(人)风骚的(capable of exciting strong sexual desires)

understated [??nd?r?ste?t?d] adj. 轻描淡写的,低调的(avoiding obvious emphasis or embellishment)

同 unostentatious, unpretentious

rival [?ra?vl] n. 竞争者,对手(one striving for competitive advantage) v. 竞争,与…匹敌(to attempt to equal or surpass)

记 联想记忆:对手(rival)隔河(river)相望,分外眼红

同 compete, contend, vie

resuscitate [r??s?s?te?t] v. 使复活,使苏醒(to restore life or consciousness)

记 词根记忆:re+sus(在下面)+cit(引起)+ate→再次从下面唤起来→使复活

obstinacy [?ɑ?bst?n?si] n. 固执,倔强,顽固(the state of being obstinate; stubbornness)

记 词根记忆:ob(反)+stin(=stand 站)+acy→反着站→固执,倔强

partiality [?pɑ?r?i??l?ti]n. 偏袒,偏心(the state of being partial; bias)

记 来自partial(adj. 有偏见的)

例 Although the revelation that one of the contestants was a friend left the judge open to charges

of lack of disinterestedness, the judge remained adamant in her assertion that acquaintance did not

necessarily imply partiality.

同 prejudice, proclivity, propensity, tendency

devoid [d??v??d] adj. 空的,全无的(empty or destitute of)

记 词根记忆:de+void(空的)→空的

搭 be devoid of… 缺乏…

notch [nɑ??]n. V字形切口,刻痕;等级,档次

搭 top notch 大腕

reaffirmation [?ri???f?r?me??n] n. 再肯定(renewed affirmation)

spiritedness [?sp?r?t?dn?s] n. 有精神,活泼

同 liveliness, vivaciousness

overbalance [?o?v?r?b?l?ns] v. 使失去平衡(to cause to lose balance)

affectionate [??fek??n?t] adj. 亲爱的,挚爱的(having affection or warm regard)

例 He is very affectionate towards his children.

slipshod [?sl?p?ɑ?d] adj. 马虎的,草率的(not exact or thorough)

同 careless, slovenly

perilous [?per?l?s]

adj. 危险的,冒险的(full of peril; hazardous)记 来自peril(n. 危险)

engrave [?n?ɡre?v] v. 雕刻,铭刻(to cut or carve words or designs on a hard surface);牢记,铭记(to impress sth. deeply on the memory or mind)

wrongheaded [?r?? ?hed?d] adj. 坚持错误的,固执的(stubborn in adherence to wrong opinions or principles)

repudiate [r??pju?die?t] v. 拒绝接受,回绝,抛弃(to refuse to accept)

记 词根记忆:re+pudi(=put 想)+ate→重新思考→拒绝接受

例 Fashion is partly a search for a new language to discredit the old, a way in which each

generation can repudiate its immediate predecessor and distinguish itself.

同 dismiss, reprobate, spurn

zealot [?zel?t] n. 狂热者(a zealous person)

同 bigot, enthusiast, fanatic

implausible [?m?pl??z?bl] adj. 难以置信的(not plausible)

记 联想记忆:im(不)+plausible(可信的)→难以置信的

modest [?mɑ?d?st] adj. 谦虚的,谦逊的(humble; unassuming);适度的(not large in quantity or size)

记 词根记忆:mod(方式;风度)+est→做事有风度→谦虚的;适度的

例 The corporation expects only modest increases in sales next year despite a yearlong effort to

revive its retailing business.

jeopardize [??ep?rda?z] v. 危及,危害(to endanger)

记 发音记忆:“皆怕打死”→当危及到自身安全时,谁都怕死→危及

同 compromise, hazard, imperil, jeopard

unqualified [??n?kwɑ?l?fa?d] adj. 无资格的,不合格的(not having suitable qualifications);无限制的,绝对的(not limited)

possessed [p??zest]adj. 着迷的,入迷的(influenced or controlled by sth.)

记 来自possess(v. 拥有;迷住)

dumbbell-like [?d?mbel?la?k] adj. 哑铃状的

记 组合词:dumbbell(哑铃)+like(像)→哑铃状的

nonchalance [?nɑ?n???lɑ?ns] n. 冷漠,冷淡(the quality or state of being nonchalant;

casual lack of concern)

记 词根记忆:non(不)+chal(关心)+ance→不关心→无动于衷→冷漠

例 Despite an affected nonchalance which convinced casual observers that he was indifferent

about his painting and enjoyed only frivolity, Warhol cared deeply about his art and labored at it


collusive [k??lu?s?v] adj. 共谋的(having secret agreement or cooperation)

记 词根记忆:col(共同)+lus(大笑,玩)+ive→一起玩→共谋的


[?a?t?mo?d?d] adj. 过时的(no longer in fashion; obsolete)

记 联想记忆:out(出)+mode(时尚)+d→不再时尚的→过时的

inherent [?n?h?r?nt] adj. 固有的,内在的(involved in the constitution or essential character of sth.; belonging by nature or habit)

记 词根记忆:in(在里面)+her(黏附)+ent→黏附在内的→固有的,内在的

搭 be inherent in 为…所固有

eradicate [??r?d?ke?t] v. 根除(to tear out by the roots; uproot);扑灭(to exterminate)

记 词根记忆:e(出)+radic(根)+ate→根除

同 abolish, annihilate, extirpate

suffrage [?s?fr??] n. 选举权,投票权(the right of voting)

记 词根记忆:suf(=sub 下面)+frag(表示拥护的喧闹声)+e→选举权

elaborate [??l?b?r?t] adj. 精致的,复杂的(marked by complexity, fullness of detail, or ornateness)

[??l?b?re?t] v. 详尽地说明,阐明(to describe in detail)

记 联想记忆:e(出)+labor(劳动)+ate(使)→辛苦劳动做出来的→精心制作的


molten [?mo?lt?n] adj. 熔融的,熔化的(melted)

记 来自melt(v. 融化,熔化)

hypothesis [ha??pɑ?θ?s?s] n. 假设,假说(an unproved theory)

记 词根记忆:hypo(在…下面)+thesis(论点)→下面的论点→假说

postoperative [?pɑ?st?ɑ?p?r?t?v] adj. 手术后的(following a surgical operation)

搭 postoperative care 术后护理

premeditate [?pri??med?te?t] v. 预谋,预先考虑或安排(to plan, arrange, or plot in advance)

记 词根记忆:pre(预先)+med(注意)+itate→事先就加以注意→预谋

frigid [?fr???d] adj. 寒冷的(very cold);冷漠的,冷淡的(lacking in warmth and life)

记 词根记忆:frig(冷)+id(…的)→寒冷的

vex [veks]v. 使烦恼,使恼怒(to bring agitation to)

同 annoy, bother, fret, irk

stumble [?st?mbl] v. 绊倒(to strike one's foot against sth. and almost fall)

同 lurch, stagger, trip

contemptible [k?n?tempt?bl] adj. 令人轻视的(despicable)

记 来自contempt(n. 蔑视,轻视)

commentary [?kɑ?m?nteri] n. 实况报道(spoken description of an event as it happens);(对书等的)集注(set of explanatorynotes on a book)

记 词根记忆:comment(评论)+ary→集注

scrappy [?skr?pi] adj. 碎片的(made of disconnected pieces);好斗的(liking to fight);坚毅的(determined; gutsy)

territorial [?ter??t??ri?l] adj. 领土的(of or relating to a territory);地方的(nearby; local)

例 territorial economy 地方经济

galvanize [?ɡ?lv?na?z]v. 刺激,激起(to stimulate);电镀(to plate metal with zinc, originally by galvanic action);通电(to apply an electric current to)

记 来自galvanic(adj. 电流的)

finicky [?f?n?ki] adj. 苛求的,过分讲究的(too particular or exacting; fussy)

记 单词finical的变体;fin(fine,精细的)+ical→精细的→过分讲究的

同 dainty, fastidious, finicking

transferable [tr?ns?f??r?bl] adj. 可转移的(that can be moved from one place,

person or use toanother)

acquiescent [??kwi?esnt] adj. 默认的(inclined to acquiesce)

palatable [?p?l?t?bl]adj. 美味的(agreeable to the palate or taste)

同 appetizing, savory, tasty

touchy [?t??i]adj. 敏感的,易怒的(acutely sensitive or irritable)

记 联想记忆:touch(触摸)+y→一触即发的→敏感的,易怒的

chaotic [ke??ɑ?t?k] adj. 混乱的(in a state of complete disorder and confusion)

例 The traffic in the city is chaotic in the rush hour.

oligarch [?ɑ?l?ɡɑ?rk] n. 寡头政治(a member of a form of government in which a

small group of people hold all the power);寡头统治集团(a member of a small

governing faction)

记 词根记忆:olig(少数)+arch(统治)→由少数人来统治→寡头政治

agoraphobic [??ɡ?r??fo?b?k] n./adj. 患旷野恐惧症的(人)

insipid [?n?s?p?d] adj. 乏味的,枯燥的(banal; dull; vapid)

记 词根记忆:in(不)+sip(有味道)+id→没味道的→乏味的

例 Just as an insipid dish lacks flavor, an inane remark lacks sense.

同 distasteful, savorless, unappetizing, unpalatable, unsavory

sedate [s??de?t] adj. 镇静的(keeping a quiet steady attitude or pace; unruffled)

记 词根记忆:sed(=sid 坐下)+ate→坐下来的→镇静的

同 sober, staid

trademark [?tre?dmɑ?rk] n. 特征(a distinguishing characteristic or feature firmly

associated with a person or thing);商标 v.

保证商标权(to secure trademark rights)

evenhanded [?i?vn?h?nd?d] adj. 公平的,不偏不倚的(fair and impartial)

记 组合词:even(平的)+hand(手)+ed→两手放得一样平→公平的

cursory [?k??rs?ri] adj. 粗略的(superficial);草率的(hasty)

记 词根记忆:curs(跑)+ory→匆忙地跑过去→草率的

例 A cursory glance pays little attention to details.

shell [?el] n. 贝壳;炮弹 v. 剥去…的壳(to take out of a natural enclosing cover)

搭 shell fish 水生贝壳类动物

The supreme happiness of life is the conviction that we are loved.


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